Numerals in the Mongolian Language

  • Lhasaranova Bairma Bastuevna The Scienсе Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russia
  • Oshorov Sergey Garmaevich Ph. Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russia
  • Sodnomov Sonombal Tsydenovich The Science Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Buryat Republic Institute of Education Policy, Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russia
  • Dondokova Soelma Dorzhievna Postgraduate, Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russia
  • Tsyrempilova Butid Tsyrendorzhievna Postgraduate, Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russia

Abstract

This paper is devoted to the etymology of numerals and classification of numerals in the Buryat language. This paper reveals similarities and differences in the terms “numeral” and “number”. In the linguistic research it is established that numerals in the Mongolian languages have a specific set of grammatical properties which distinguishes them as a significant part of speech. The basis of numerals is their special relation to the grammatical number. Numerals that express the concept of number cannot be correlated with the grammatical category of number. Numerals cannot take plural affixes. The lexical meaning of numerals is associated with the notion of plurality. Numerals can be combined with nouns and identify countable objects.

Keywords: Etymology, Numerals, Classification, Analysis, Mongolian, Buryat, language.

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